Molecular and cellular mechanisms of the interrelations between the feeding and defense behaviour were studied in a snail Helix lucorum. The dynamics of defense reactions was investigated in snails with different levels of feeding motivation. Defense reactions were suppressed in hungry snails, while 15-20 min after the beginning of food intake they were facilitated. The facilitation depended on a duration of starvation. Injection of 0.5 ml of 5 mM glucose solution (up to the glucose level in the haemolymph of a food satiated snail, 1.6-2.0 mM) or injections of 20-30 ng of synthetic analogues of the gastrointestinal peptides (pentagastrin of octapeptide cholecystokinin, CCK-8) facilitated the defense reaction in a hungry snail. Parameters of the facilitation were similar to those in the period of food intake. Activity of the command neurons of defense behaviour (L-PPL1) after the carrot juice application to the lip of a semi-intact preparation from a hungry snail was glucose-dependent. Similar glucose-dependent changes of L-PPL1 activity were found after CCK-8, but not FMRFamide application during the perfusion with 0.5 mM glucose. L-PPL1, but not L-PPa2-3 neurons were most sensitive to glucose and CCK-8 level changes in the Ringer solution. Adaptive significance of the behavioural phenomena as well as glucose and gastrin/CCK-like peptide participation in these processes are discussed.
|Translated title of the contribution||The facilitation of defensive reactions during food consumption in the snail helix: the participation of glucose and gastrin/cholecystokinin-like peptide|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti Imeni I.P. Pavlova|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1992|
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