A collimator consisting of a series of parallel slats has been constructed and used in conjunction with a conventional gamma camera to collect one-dimensional projections of the radioisotope distribution being imaged. With the camera remaining stationary, the collimator was made to rotate continuously over the face of the detector and the projections acquired were used to reconstruct a planar image by the theory of computed tomography. The propagation of noise on image reconstruction was largely offset by the increased geometric efficiency that resulted from the enlarged solid angle of acceptance afforded by the slat collimator. For a uniform disc of activity the signal to noise ratio (SNR) at a point in an image reconstructed by convolution and backprojection is shown to be given by SNR=(total events detected)1/2 / beta (number of pixels)3/4 where beta = square root 2 pi -1/2 integral - infinity+ infinity mod Q1( xi ) mod 2d xi and Q1( xi ) is the one-dimensional filter function in Fourier space. Improved noise behaviour was observed for images acquired with the slat collimator compared to those acquired with a low-energy high-resolution (LEHR) collimator for small distributions of activity. Spatial resolution with the slat collimator was approximately equal to that obtained with an LEHR collimator and improved contrast was observed in images of small hot regions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging