The evolution of intramedullary spinal cord tumor surgery

Daniel M. Sciubba, Daniel Liang, Karl F. Kothbauer, Joseph C. Noggle, George I. Jallo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Resections of intramedullary spinal cord tumors were attempted as early as 1890. More than a century after these primitive efforts, profound advancements in imaging, instrumentation, and operative techniques have greatly improved the modern surgeon's ability to treat such lesions successfully, often with curative results. METHODS: We review the history of intramedullary spinal cord tumor surgery, as well as the evolution and advancement of echnologies and surgical techniques that have defined the procedure over the past 100 years. RESULTS: Surgery to remove intramedullary spinal cord tumors has evolved to include sophisticated imaging equipment to pinpoint tumor location, laser scalpel systems to provide precise incisions with minimal damage to surrounding tissue, and physiological monitoring to detect and prevent intraoperative motor deficits. CONCLUSION: Modern surgical devices and techniques have developed dramatically with the availability of new technologies. As a result, continual advancements have been achieved in intramedullary spinal cord tumor surgery, thus increasing the safety and effectiveness of tumor resection, and progressively improving the overall outcomes in patients undergoing such procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)ons84-ons91
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume65
Issue number6 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • History
  • Intramedullary
  • Spinal cord
  • Surgery
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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