The Evolution of Health Care in America

Michael J. Zinner, Kevin R. Loughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The evolution of health care in America had its beginnings even before the founding of the nation. This article divides the evolution of American health care into six historical periods: (1) the charitable era, (2) the origins of medical education era, (3) the insurance era, (4) the government era, (5) the managed care era, and (6) the consumerism era.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2009


  • America
  • Evolution
  • Health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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