The epidemiology of trachoma in southern Malawi

J. H. Tielsch, Keith West, Joanne Katz, E. Keyvan-Larijani, T. Tizazu, L. Schwab, G. J. Johnson, M. C. Chirambo, H. R. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A popululation-based prevalence survey of ocular disease was conducted in the Lower Shire River Valley of Malawi 1983. A total of 5,436 children 40% among those ≥50 years. Risk factors for inflammatory disease in young children included low socioeconomic status of the family, long walking distance to the household's primary source of water, absence of a latrine in the family compound, and presence of trachoma among siblings. Indices of crowding practices were not associted with inflammatory disease. An apparent inverse association of facewashing and inflammatory trachoma in children did not hold up when adjusted for other risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-399
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume38
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988

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Trachoma
Malawi
Epidemiology
Toilet Facilities
Crowding
Eye Diseases
Rivers
Social Class
Walking
Siblings
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Tielsch, J. H., West, K., Katz, J., Keyvan-Larijani, E., Tizazu, T., Schwab, L., ... Taylor, H. R. (1988). The epidemiology of trachoma in southern Malawi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 38(2), 393-399.

The epidemiology of trachoma in southern Malawi. / Tielsch, J. H.; West, Keith; Katz, Joanne; Keyvan-Larijani, E.; Tizazu, T.; Schwab, L.; Johnson, G. J.; Chirambo, M. C.; Taylor, H. R.

In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 38, No. 2, 1988, p. 393-399.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tielsch, JH, West, K, Katz, J, Keyvan-Larijani, E, Tizazu, T, Schwab, L, Johnson, GJ, Chirambo, MC & Taylor, HR 1988, 'The epidemiology of trachoma in southern Malawi', American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 393-399.
Tielsch JH, West K, Katz J, Keyvan-Larijani E, Tizazu T, Schwab L et al. The epidemiology of trachoma in southern Malawi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1988;38(2):393-399.
Tielsch, J. H. ; West, Keith ; Katz, Joanne ; Keyvan-Larijani, E. ; Tizazu, T. ; Schwab, L. ; Johnson, G. J. ; Chirambo, M. C. ; Taylor, H. R. / The epidemiology of trachoma in southern Malawi. In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1988 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 393-399.
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