BACKGROUND: Mortality caused by acute adverse drug reactions (AADR) increased in Spain over the eighties and has become one of the major causes of death for youth. This paper presents the results of a study in the city of Barcelona during the 1983-92 decade; based in the city drug information system. METHODS: The study includes all deaths caused by AADR autopsied in the Forensic Institute between 1983 and 1992. Mortality of city residents is analyzed by cohort, grouping data in two-years and adjusting Poisson regression to mortality rates by age group, birth cohort and period of study. RESULTS: During this period a sharp increase in AADR mortality is seen, as there were 19 deaths in the city in 1983 and 160 in 1992. The increase concentrates in the years 1987-89. Although previously the increasing mortality of drug users was related by some observers with the progressive deterioration of their health status, linked to their increasing age and to the cumulative effects of years of substance dependence, the mortality analysis points to a clear period effect, resulting in an increased mortality across all age groups, for cohorts born after 1960. CONCLUSIONS: These results point to changes in the illegal drug market in the city or in the patterns of abuse as most likely causes for the increase. The results also suggest that since 1989 there is a stabilization in mortality due to AADR, which deserves further study.
|Translated title of the contribution||The epidemiology of the acute adverse drug reaction in Barcelona in 1983-1992: a mortality analysis|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Oct 14 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas