The enduring behavioral changes in rats with experimental phenylketonuria

A. E. Andersen, V. Rowe, G. Guroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The biochemical features of phenylketonuria have been reproduced in developing rat pups by administering to them a combination of p chloro DL phenylalanine plus L phenylalanine for the first 21 days after birth. During the treatment period, the experimental animals show delayed eye opening and decreased brain weight compared with controls given saline. Neuropathological examination of developing animals reveals deficient myelination and some inhibition of cerebellar maturation. When tested as adults, after a long recovery period, animals with phenylketonuria are hyperactive in activity wheels. Adult rats are deficient in reversing a position choice and demonstrate impaired performance in a Y maze. Rats treated with p chloro DL phenylalanine plus L phenylalanine during during the vulnerable period of rapid brain development thus have enduring behavioral changes that persist throughout life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1974

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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