The emerging roles of ARID1A in tumor suppression

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

ARID1A has emerged as a tumor suppressor gene, which is mutated in a broad spectrum of cancers, especially in those arising from ectopic or eutopic endometrium. As a subunit of SWI/SNF chromatin remodeler, ARID1A facilitates target-specific binding of SWI/SNF complexes to chromatin, thereby altering the accessibility of chromatin to a variety of nuclear factors. In human cancer, ARID1A possesses not only features of a gatekeeper, regulating cell cycle progression, but also features of a caretaker, preventing genomic instability. An increasing body of evidence suggests crosstalk between ARID1A and PI3K/Akt pathways, and between ARID1A and p53. In this review, we discuss the spectrum of ARID1A alterations in cancers, tumor suppression mechanisms of ARID1A, oncogenic pathways cooperating with ARID1A, and clinical implications of ARID1A mutation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-664
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • ARID1A
  • Chromatin remodeling complex
  • Clear cell carcinoma
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Endometrioid carcinoma
  • Gastric cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • PI3K
  • SWI/SNF
  • Tumor suppressor gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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