The emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in Georgia

Alexander Tkeshelashvili-Kessler, Carlos Del Rio, Kenrad Nelson, Tergiz Tsertsvadze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The first case of HIV in Georgia was diagnosed in 1989. Through December 2002, a total of 375 cases of HIV infection were reported. However, the World Health Organization estimates that the true number of infections may be closer to 1700. In all, 70% of reported cases are among injection drug users. Based on the UNAIDS classification, Georgia is a low-level HIV country' with an HIV prevalence of less than 1% in all groups, including drug users. However, there is a high prevalence of hepatitis B and C, suggesting a significant risk for the spread of HIV Georgia, a newly independent republic, is experiencing an increase in injection drug use, a rise in sexually transmitted infections and commercial sex trade that create a fertile soil for the potential rapid spread of HIV. However, it is also a country with a unique window of opportunity for limiting the spread of HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Georgia
  • HIV/AIDS epidemiology
  • Injection drug users
  • Newly independent states
  • Soviet Union/Russia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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