The efferent medial olivocochlear-hair cell synapse

Ana Belén Elgoyhen, Eleonora Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Amplification of incoming sounds in the inner ear is modulated by an efferent pathway which travels back from the brain all the way to the cochlea. The medial olivocochlear system makes synaptic contacts with hair cells, where the neurotransmitter acetylcholine is released. Synaptic transmission is mediated by a unique nicotinic cholinergic receptor composed of α9 and α10 subunits, which is highly Ca 2+ permeable and is coupled to a Ca 2+-activated SK potassium channel. Thus, hyperpolarization of hair cells follows efferent fiber activation. In this work we review the literature that has enlightened our knowledge concerning the intimacies of this synapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physiology Paris
Volume106
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • α9 and α10 Nicotinic receptors
  • Cochlea
  • Hair cells
  • Nicotinic receptors
  • Prestin
  • SK channels
  • Synaptic plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)

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