The effects of therapeutic doses of irradiation on experimental bone graft incorporation over a porous-coated segmental defect endoprosthesis

H. C. Chin, F. J. Frassica, M. D. Markel, D. A. Frassica, F. H. Sim, E. Y.S. Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The incorporation of autogeneic bone graft into a porous coated segmental endoprosthesis after high-dose irradiation was studied in dogs. A mid- diaphyseal defect was surgically created and then reconstructed with a porous-coated segmental endoprosthesis in 16 dogs. Autogeneic bone grafts were placed over the porous-coated regions of the endoprosthesis and at the endoprosthesis-bone junctions to achieve extracortical fixation. In eight dogs, the reconstructed femora were treated with a time-equivalent dose of 5500 cGy, delivered over a five-week period, beginning three weeks after surgery. In eight dogs, which served as the control group, the reconstructed femora were not irradiated. Dogs were killed 12 weeks after surgery, and the reconstructed femora were evaluated clinically, roentgenographically, mechanically, and histologically. Extracortical bone formation and bone ingrowth into the porous-coated segmental endoprosthesis were significantly inhibited by high-dose irradiation. Nonirradiated reconstructed femora had higher maximum torque at the implant-bone junction than irradiated femora. Nonirradiated femora had significantly greater bone ingrowth within the porous space than irradiated femora. Intracortically, irradiated femora had greater unlabeled bone and less porosity as well as more new bone than nonirradiated femora at 12 weeks postsurgery. Extracortically, irradiated femora had greater original cortical bone and less porosity as well as more new bone than nonirradiated femora at 12 weeks postsurgery. Mineral apposition was less in the irradiated femora from the initiation of radiotherapy to the time of killing five weeks after cessation of irradiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-266
Number of pages13
JournalClinical orthopaedics and related research
Issue number289
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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