The effects of postoperative neurological deficits on survival in patients with single brain metastasis

Ravi Medikonda, Christopher M. Jackson, James Feghali, Michael Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prognosis for brain metastasis is poor, and surgical resection is part of the standard of care for these patients as it has been shown to improve median overall survival. Development of neurological deficits after surgical resection has been associated with worsened outcomes in patients with glioblastoma. The effect of postoperative neurological deficits on survival in patients with single brain metastasis has not been studied to date. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between postoperative neurological deficits and median overall survival. METHODS: A single-institution retrospective cohort study was performed on all patients with single brain metastasis undergoing surgical resection by a single neurosurgeon. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients met the inclusion criteria for this study. Among them 61% of patients presented with a preoperative deficit, and 26% of patients had a new postoperative deficit. However, most postoperative deficits resolved and only 3.3% of patients developed a new permanent postoperative deficit. Median overall survival in patients with a new postoperative deficit was 2.4 mo, whereas mOS in patients without a postoperative deficit was 12.6 mo (P < .0001). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a new neurological deficit is associated with worsened outcomes after surgical resection of a single brain metastasis. This finding has potential implications for patient selection and counseling as the patients most likely to benefit from surgical resection are the patients who are most likely to have resolution of a preoperative deficit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-634
Number of pages7
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Brain metastasis
  • Neurological deficits
  • Postoperative deficit
  • Single brain metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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