The effects of nutritional supplementation on body mass index and CD4 count among adult people living with HIV AIDS on antiretroviral treatment in Conakry, Guinea

Sidikiba Sidibé, Alexandre Delamou, Mohamed Lamine Kaba, Aboubacar Sidiki Magassouba, Amara Tabaouo Samake, Yao Serge Arthur Dongo, Kadio Jean Jacques Olivier Kadio, Sandouno Sah Dimio, Lansana Mady Camara, Stella Babalola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Whereas the HIV prevalence in Guinea is among the lowest in Africa, many PLHIV in Guinea are malnourished. This study assessed the effect of a nutritional supplementation program on body mass index and CD4 count among adult PLHIV on ART. Study participants were PLHIV who came for consultation in the study sites between May and July 2016. The data came from two sources: retrospectively from participants’ medical records and interviews at the time of recruitment into the study. About six months before they were recruited into the study, some of the PLHIV started to receive a monthly nutritional supplementation consisting of Corn-Soy Blend and oil. Analytic methods included bivariate and multivariable methods. The intervention increased the mean BMI by 7.4% and the average current CD4 count by 4.7% compared to nonintervention (P<0.001). Programs in low resource settings should consider nutrition assistance as part of a comprehensive strategy to ensure optimal metabolic and immunological functions among PLHIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number708
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Public Health in Africa
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 21 2018

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Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • CD4 count
  • Guinea
  • HIV
  • Nutritional supplementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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