The effects of independent living on persons with chronic mental illness: an assessment of the Section 8 certificate program.

S. J. Newman, J. D. Reschovsky, K. Kaneda, A. M. Hendrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The feasibility of the Section 8 certificate program for individuals with chronic mental illness (CMI) and the outcomes associated with independent housing are examined. The analysis is based on data from a longitudinal survey of Section 8 certificate users in Baltimore and Hamilton County (Cincinnati) and on information from Section 8 application forms in each site. A pre-post research design was used to examine changes in hospitalization, residential stability, and mental health service outcomes. Four key dimensions of the CMI certificate program are examined: affordability, housing conditions, neighborhood conditions, and service gaps. Results suggest that the certificate program has a positive effect on independent living, that certificate use is associated with positive mental health outcomes, and that there is no evidence of "creaming" among program applicants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-198
Number of pages28
JournalThe Milbank quarterly
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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