The effects of in vivo antibiotics on neutrophil (PMN) activity in rabbits with peritonitis

F. C. Sheng, J. Freischlag, B. Backstrom, D. Kelly, R. W. Busuttil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Antibiotics play an important role in helping the host fight infection; however, the direct cellular effect of antibiotics on polymorphonuclear cells remains undefined. Adherence, chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and superoxide anion production are important steps in the cascade of events initiated by the polymorphonucleocyte in bacterial killing. Previous studies have shown inhibition as well as stimulation of neutrophil antibacterial therapy by antibiotics. Peritoneal and blood polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) respond differently to peritonitis and to external agents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of in vivo clindamycin and netilmicin on infected rabbit peritoneal and blood polymorphonuclear adhesiveness, phagocytosis, chemotaxis, and superoxide anion production. Peritoneal and blood PMNs were obtained from rabbits which had undergone appendiceal devascularization 18 hr earlier: antibiotics were administered intramuscularly 1 hr prior to appendectomy and every 8 hr postoperatively for 5 days; these PMNs were compared to infected rabbits which did not receive antibiotics. Clindamycin and netilmicin in vivo cause significant inhibition of phagocytosis, peritoneal adhesiveness, and, when used in combination, blood adhesiveness and peritoneal superoxide anion production. No effects were seen on chemotaxis. Based on this data we conclude that antibiotics, while vitally important in fighting infections, may in and of themselves be agents of immunosuppression at the cellular level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-245
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Peritonitis
Neutrophils
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Rabbits
Adhesiveness
Chemotaxis
Phagocytosis
Superoxides
Netilmicin
Clindamycin
Appendectomy
Infection
Immunosuppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

The effects of in vivo antibiotics on neutrophil (PMN) activity in rabbits with peritonitis. / Sheng, F. C.; Freischlag, J.; Backstrom, B.; Kelly, D.; Busuttil, R. W.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 43, No. 3, 1987, p. 239-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sheng, F. C. ; Freischlag, J. ; Backstrom, B. ; Kelly, D. ; Busuttil, R. W. / The effects of in vivo antibiotics on neutrophil (PMN) activity in rabbits with peritonitis. In: Journal of Surgical Research. 1987 ; Vol. 43, No. 3. pp. 239-245.
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