The effects of dopaminergic agents on reaction time in rhesus monkeys

Michael R. Weed, Lisa H. Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many CNS pathologies, including Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and Huntington's diseases, as well as AIDS dementia complex, involve some degree of movement dysfunction. Reaction time (RT) performance has been shown to be a sensitive measure of motor function for these disorders. Useful models of RT performance exist in a variety of species, but few are performed in the same manner as with humans. To facilitate species comparisons, the present RT task was developed from a human RT task. Dopaminergic drugs were then used to characterize the sensitivity of the model to CNS changes and to investigate their effects on RT performance in intact rhesus monkeys. With cumulative dosing, the selective dopamine receptor antagonists (D1) SCH 39166 and (D2) raclopride produced dose-dependent slowing of RT performance. Results following bolus administration of these drugs were consistent with the cumulative dosing procedure, although of smaller magnitude and higher variability. Amphetamine had no significant effect on group RT performance with either dosing scheme, but RT performance in individual monkeys was either speeded or slowed by d-amphetamine. The present results suggest that blockade of either D1-like or D2-like dopamine receptors can slow RT performance in rhesus monkeys and that this paradigm may be useful to study movement dysfunction in non-human primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 1998

Keywords

  • Amphetamine SCH 39166
  • Movement
  • Raclopride
  • Reaction time
  • Rhesus monkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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