The Effects of Discrimination Are Associated With Cigarette Smoking Among Black Males

Lauren Parker, Haslyn Hunte, Anita Ohmit, Debra Furr-Holden, Roland J Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that experiencing interpersonal discrimination is associated with cigarette smoking. Few studies have examined the relationship between the effects of physical and emotional discrimination and cigarette usage, and none have examined this relationship among Black men. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the effects of physical and emotional discrimination and cigarette smoking. Methods: Data from the Indiana Black Men's Health Study, a community-based sample of adult Black men, was used to conduct multivariate logistic regression to examine the relationship between the physical and emotional effects of discrimination and smoking, net of healthcare and workplace discrimination, age, education, household income, and being married. Results: After adjusting for having an emotional response to discrimination, health care and workplace discrimination, age, education, household income, and being married, males who had a physical response to discrimination (e.g., upset stomach or headache) had higher odds of cigarette use (odds ratio (OR): 1.95, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15–3.30) than men who did not have a physical response to discrimination. Conclusion: Findings from the study suggest that Black males may use cigarette smoking as a means to mitigate the stress associated with experiences of discrimination. Future research is needed further to explore if and how Black males use cigarette smoking to cope with unfair treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Oct 25 2016

Fingerprint

smoking
discrimination
Smoking
Ageism
Tobacco Products
Workplace
Delivery of Health Care
Men's Health
Education
household income
Headache
Stomach
workplace
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Research
education
confidence
logistics

Keywords

  • cigarette use
  • discrimination
  • men's health
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The Effects of Discrimination Are Associated With Cigarette Smoking Among Black Males. / Parker, Lauren; Hunte, Haslyn; Ohmit, Anita; Furr-Holden, Debra; Thorpe, Roland J.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, 25.10.2016, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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