The Effects of Dietary Factors on Blood Pressure

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence supports that multiple dietary factors affect blood pressure (BP). Dietary changes that effectively lower BP are weight loss, reduced sodium intake, increased potassium intake, moderation of alcohol intake, and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension–style and vegetarian dietary patterns. In view of the increasing levels of BP in children and adults and the continuing epidemic of BP-related cardiovascular and renal diseases, efforts to reduce BP in both nonhypertensive and hypertensive individuals are warranted. The challenge to health care providers, researchers, government officials, and the general public is developing and implementing clinical and public health strategies that lead to sustained dietary changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-212
Number of pages16
JournalCardiology Clinics
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Dietary factors
  • Hypertension
  • Renal disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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