The effects of Bay K 8644 on diastolic function in the dog heart

Ricardo J. Gelpi, Susana M. Mosca, Horacio E. Cingolani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of increased cytosolic calcium on cardiac mechanics were studied in open chest dogs instrumented with ultrasonic crystals and a miniature pressure transducer. Calcium was increased either by promoting calcium influx with Bay K 8644 (Bay K) or by increasing extracellular calcium concentration. A single dose of Bay K (10 μg/kg/min) was administered to each dog. Bay K increased LV systolic pressure, maximal rate of rise of LV pressure (LV + dP dt), mean volcity of circumferential fiber shortening (Vcf), and calculated LV end-systolic wall stress. The time constant of isovolumic pressure decay (T) was calculated following two different methods: (a) a semilogarithmic method (Tz), and (b) using the linear relation between LV - dP dt vs LV pressure (Tl). Whereas Tz decreased from 31.7 ± 2.6 to 26.7 ± 1.7 ms (P < 0.05), no changes were detected in Tl (46.3 ± 4.4 vs 50.9 ± 4.0 ms n.s.) The asymptote value (PB) decreased after Bay K from -9 ± 2.8 to -22.5 ± 4.2 mmHg (P < 0.05). The same results were obtained when the changes in the loading conditions of the heart produced by Bay K were controlled by mechanical manoeuvers or after beta-blockade with propranolol. When calcium chloride was administered in amounts that will produce equal contractile changes as Bay K, a decrease in PB was also observed (from -14.7 ± 1.6 to -27.7 ± 6.1 mmHg (P < 0.05)). Tz decreased from 29.6 ± 3.6 to 22.5 ± 2.9 ms (P < 0.05) and no changes in Tl (52.5 ± 5 vs 52.4 ± 7.3 ms, n.s.) were detected. The decrease in the asymptote reported herein could induce a false decrease in the time constant if the altered values of PB are not considered, or another method of calculation of the time constant is used. Neither Bay K nor elevated extracellular calcium concentration modified the diastolic compliance. Changes in loading conditions or a cAMP pathway can be ruled out as a cause of the decrease in PB, since the results were reproduced under controlled loading conditions and beta blockade. These data suggest that increasing cytosolic calcium does not alter either the relaxation rate or the diastolic compliance but does decrease the value toward left ventricular pressure decays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1285-1296
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1990

Keywords

  • Bay K-8644
  • Calcium
  • Diastolic function
  • Myocardial relaxation rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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