The influence of antibodies against total S100 protein fraction (AB-S100) and S100b protein (AB-S100b) on the activity of LP11 and RP11 neurons were studied in naive snails and during the nociceptive sensitization. Application of AB-S100 or AB-S100b (0.1 mg/m1) initiated membrane depolarization, increase in its excitability, and depression of neural responses to sensory stimulation in nonsensitized snails. The sensitization produced facilitation of neural transmission and increase in membrane excitability. Exposure to AB-S100 or AB-S100b (0.1 mg/ml) during sensitization substantially reduced its effects on neural transmission and membrane excitability. The difference between the extent of synaptic facilitation in neurons of sensitized snails and neurons of snails sensitized under conditions of AB-S100 or AB-S100b application was comparable with synaptic depression in neurons of naive snails produced by the isolated application of AB-S100 or AB-S100b. Application of AB-S100 of AB-S100b in the dose of 0.01 mg/ml did not change the parameters of neural activity. The obtained evidence suggest that S100 proteins (in particular, S100b) in L-RP11 neurons are involved in the mechanisms of membrane excitability, regulation of membrane potential and synaptic transmission in naive snails and in the mechanisms of membrane plasticity in the neurons during development of nociceptive sensitization.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti Imeni I.P. Pavlova|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
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