The effects of a cooperation contingency on behavior in a continuous three person environment

H. H. Emurian, C. S. Emurian, George Bigelow, J. V. Brady

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Abstract

Five groups of three subjects resided for 10 or 15 days within a continuously programmed environment. Subjects followed a programmatic arrangement of required and optional private and social activities that determined the individual and group baseline behaviors into which experimental operations were introduced and withdrawn. A cooperation condition was in effect when all three subjects were required to select simultaneous access to a group area before it became available for use. A noncooperation condition was in effect when access to a group area could be selected by individual subjects, without regard to the other subjects' selections. For all groups, the effects of these two conditions on individual and group behaviors were investigated in several designs where several successive days occurred under each condition. Groups 1, 4, and 5 had the noncooperation condition interposed between cooperation conditions. Groups 2 and 3 had the cooperation condition interposed between noncooperation conditions. Durations of triadic activities, per cent of time in triadic activities, intercom use, and intersubject program synchronization were greater during cooperation conditions than during noncooperation conditions. These data show that a cooperation contingency within the behavioral program affected both social behavior and the collateral individual behavior necessary to execute the cooperation response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-302
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Volume25
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1976

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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The effects of a cooperation contingency on behavior in a continuous three person environment. / Emurian, H. H.; Emurian, C. S.; Bigelow, George; Brady, J. V.

In: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Vol. 25, No. 3, 1976, p. 293-302.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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