The effectiveness of psychological debriefing with vicarious trauma: A meta-analysis

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Post-traumatic psychiatric reactions to physical trauma are readily acknowledged and accepted. However, there is a relatively new phenomenon of developing similar reactions after providing emergency care to such patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a crisis intervention technique known as group psychological debriefing, which is designed to mitigate the impact of post-traumatic morbidity in individuals exposed to vicarious traumatization. Using adequately controlled, peer-reviewed journal articles and clinical proceedings as the database, 698 subjects from 10 investigations were submitted to a meta-analysis. The results support the effectiveness of group psychological debriefings in alleviating the effects of vicarious psychological distress in emergency care providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalStress Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • CISD
  • CISM
  • Critical incident stress debriefing
  • Psychological debriefings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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