The effect of underlying liver disease on short-term outcomes following bariatric surgery

Ahmad Elnahas, Geoffrey C. Nguyen, Allan Okrainec, Fayez Quereshy, Timothy D. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Morbid obesity is strongly associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. However, the effect of underlying liver disease on clinical outcomes following bariatric surgery has not been well studied. This study aims to determine the effect of underlying liver disease on short-term outcomes in bariatric patients using the model of end-stage liver disease (MELD) scoring system as a practical measure of hepatic dysfunction. Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using data from the American College of Surgeons' National surgery quality improvement program participant use files. The study population consisted of patients that underwent elective laparoscopic-stapled bariatric surgery for morbid obesity between 2005 and 2012. Patients were excluded if they had a bleeding disorder or renal failure requiring dialysis. The optimal MELD cut-off score to predict 30-day adverse events was determined and used to stratify patients into two groups. The primary outcome was 30-day adverse events, defined as a postoperative complication or reoperation. The secondary outcome was 30-day mortality. A multiple logistic regression was performed to adjust the odds ratio (OR) estimate for 30-day adverse events based on the MELD cut-off score. Results: 38,875 patients were included in the study population. A MELD score of 7.9 was determined to be the optimal cut-off to predict 30-day adverse events based on the maximized linear combination of specificity and sensitivity. After adjusting for confounding, the OR estimates for 30-day adverse events and mortality using the cut-off score as the key predictor were 1.22 [95 % CI 1.06-1.41] and 2.33 [95 % CI 1.19-4.56], respectively. Conclusions: Using this large national surgical registry, bariatric patients with MELD scores ≥7.9 had a significant but marginal risk of 30-day adverse events and mortality. This suggests that severity of liver disease may affect bariatric surgery outcomes and should be considered during preoperative evaluations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2708-2712
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Liver disease
  • MELD
  • Morbid obesity
  • Postoperative complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Elnahas, A., Nguyen, G. C., Okrainec, A., Quereshy, F., & Jackson, T. D. (2014). The effect of underlying liver disease on short-term outcomes following bariatric surgery. Surgical endoscopy, 28(9), 2708-2712. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-014-3532-8