The effect of the progression of vitamin A deficiency on glucose, galactose and mannose incorporation into sugar phosphates and sugar nucleotides in hamster liver

S. Shankar, K. E. Creek, L. M. De Luca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The incorporation of [2-3H]mannose into dolichyl phosphate mannose and glycoproteins is markedly reduced in livers of vitamin A-deficient hamsters. To determine whether vitamin A deficiency selectively alters the level of mannose incorporation into sugar phosphates and sugar nucleotides, we studied the in vivo incorporation of [2-3H]mannose, [5-3H]glucose, and [4,5-3H]galactose into sugar phosphates and sugar nucleotides. Male hamsters fed either a vitamin A-depleted or a retinoic acid-supplemented (3 μg/g) diet were used at 4, 6 and 8 wk of age; the animals were killed at various time points after an intraperitoneal injection of the radiolabeled sugar. A two- to threefold increase in the amount of [2-3H]mannose was found in liver of hamsters fed a vitamin A-depleted diet for 4 wk, resulting in enhanced incorporation into mannosyl-phosphate and guanosine diphosphate (GDP) mannose. As deficiency progressed, there was a smaller increase in [2-3H]mannose and a significant decrease in [3H]mannose-phosphate and GDP-[3H]mannose, suggesting a decreased mannose kinase activity. [5-3H]Glucose-labeled livers showed no difference in the total uptake of the label or its incorporation into uridine diphosphate glucose and galactose-phosphate during the 8-wk study. However, the synthesis of glucosyl-phosphate was reduced by 50 to 90% at 6 and 8 wk of deficiency, suggesting an impaired glucokinase activity. In hamsters injected with [4,5-3H]galactose only [3H]glucose was found within 5 min in the free sugar fraction. In contrast, as much as 70% of the label in the sugar phosphate and sugar nucleotide fraction remained as [3H]galactose even at 60 min. These effects on sugar, sugar phosphate and sugar nucleotide formation in part may explain the effects of vitamin A deficiency on glycoconjugate biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-374
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume120
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • hamster
  • liver
  • sugar nucleotides
  • sugar phosphates
  • vitamin A deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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