The effect of schedule, protein binding and growth factors on the activity of suramin

R. Lopez Lopez, G. J. Peters, A. C. Van Loenen, P. E. Pizao, R. E N Van Rijswijk, J. Wagstaff, H. M. Pinedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Suramin has been shown to have antiproliferative activity, either by blocking the binding of growth factors to their receptors or by inhibiting critical cellular enzymes. In 6 different cell lines from 5 tumour types (MCF-7, MCF-7/ADR®, PC3, HT-29, UM-SCC-IIB and SW-1573/1R500), we studied the effect of scheduling of suramin, of FCS and of human serum albumin (HSA), of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and of the addition of growth factors in serum-free medium on the activity of suramin. The concentration of suramin which gave 50% growth inhibition (IC50) varied from 45 μM in SW-1573/1R500 to 153 μM in PC3 cells grown in medium supplemented with 5% FCS, after 6 days of continuous exposure. Exposure for more than 4 days did not enhance the sensitivity to suramin, except in PC3. At exposure to suramin for 1 day followed by 5 days recovery, high IC50 values (>0.5 mM) were observed in MCF-7 cells. In medium with 1% and 0.5% FCS these values were 3 to 8 and 14 to 26 times lower respectively. Addition of HSA increased the IC50 in PC3 and MCF-7 cells. Suramin-binding to protein was dependent on the concentration of protein and of suramin. Excess of EGF in medium with different FCS concentrations did not change the IC50 values of suramin in PC3 and MCF-7 cells. Addition of EGF, fibroblast growth factor or platelet-derived growth factor in PC3 cells cultured in serum-free medium did not increase the IC50 values. Suramin was active against these 6 cell lines at clinically achievable concentrations. This activity varied depending on the cell line, exposure time and suramin concentration. The most significant factor interfering with sensitivity to suramin was the amount of protein present in the culture medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-926
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume51
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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