The effect of religious service attendance on race differences in depression: Findings from the EHDIC-SWB Study

Ashanté M. Reese, Roland J Thorpe, Caryn N. Bell, Janice Bowie, Thomas A. La Veist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the EHDIC-SWB study, African-Americans are less likely to have depression than non-Hispanic whites. Religious service attendance is one possible explanation because studies have shown an inverse relationship between religious service attendance and depression. We examined the relationship between race, religious service attendance, and depression in 835 African-American and 573 non-Hispanic white adults aged 18 and older in the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities-Southwest Baltimore (EHDIC-SWB) study. Religious service attendance was measured according to participants' response to "how often do you attend religious services?" Depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire. African- Americans attended religious services more frequently than non-Hispanic whites, and had a lower percentage of depression (10.1% vs. 15.4%; p-value G0.05). After adjusting for the demographic variables and health-related characteristics, African-Americans displayed lower odds of having depression (OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.47-0.97) compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, when including religious service attendance in the model, we found race differences in depression (OR=0.76, 95% CI: 0.52-1.11) were no longer significant. We concluded that among individuals living in a low-income, integrated urban environment, race disparities in depression were eliminated after accounting for race differences in religious service attendance. This suggests religious service attendance may serve as a protective factor against depression for African-Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-518
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Baltimore
African Americans
Health
health
community
Demography
low income
American
questionnaire

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Race
  • Religious service attendance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The effect of religious service attendance on race differences in depression : Findings from the EHDIC-SWB Study. / Reese, Ashanté M.; Thorpe, Roland J; Bell, Caryn N.; Bowie, Janice; La Veist, Thomas A.

In: Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 89, No. 3, 06.2012, p. 510-518.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{db008634c582410887132df6b85862a5,
title = "The effect of religious service attendance on race differences in depression: Findings from the EHDIC-SWB Study",
abstract = "In the EHDIC-SWB study, African-Americans are less likely to have depression than non-Hispanic whites. Religious service attendance is one possible explanation because studies have shown an inverse relationship between religious service attendance and depression. We examined the relationship between race, religious service attendance, and depression in 835 African-American and 573 non-Hispanic white adults aged 18 and older in the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities-Southwest Baltimore (EHDIC-SWB) study. Religious service attendance was measured according to participants' response to {"}how often do you attend religious services?{"} Depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire. African- Americans attended religious services more frequently than non-Hispanic whites, and had a lower percentage of depression (10.1{\%} vs. 15.4{\%}; p-value G0.05). After adjusting for the demographic variables and health-related characteristics, African-Americans displayed lower odds of having depression (OR=0.68, 95{\%} CI: 0.47-0.97) compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, when including religious service attendance in the model, we found race differences in depression (OR=0.76, 95{\%} CI: 0.52-1.11) were no longer significant. We concluded that among individuals living in a low-income, integrated urban environment, race disparities in depression were eliminated after accounting for race differences in religious service attendance. This suggests religious service attendance may serve as a protective factor against depression for African-Americans.",
keywords = "Depression, Race, Religious service attendance",
author = "Reese, {Ashant{\'e} M.} and Thorpe, {Roland J} and Bell, {Caryn N.} and Janice Bowie and {La Veist}, {Thomas A.}",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s11524-011-9659-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "89",
pages = "510--518",
journal = "Journal of Urban Health",
issn = "1099-3460",
publisher = "Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of religious service attendance on race differences in depression

T2 - Findings from the EHDIC-SWB Study

AU - Reese, Ashanté M.

AU - Thorpe, Roland J

AU - Bell, Caryn N.

AU - Bowie, Janice

AU - La Veist, Thomas A.

PY - 2012/6

Y1 - 2012/6

N2 - In the EHDIC-SWB study, African-Americans are less likely to have depression than non-Hispanic whites. Religious service attendance is one possible explanation because studies have shown an inverse relationship between religious service attendance and depression. We examined the relationship between race, religious service attendance, and depression in 835 African-American and 573 non-Hispanic white adults aged 18 and older in the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities-Southwest Baltimore (EHDIC-SWB) study. Religious service attendance was measured according to participants' response to "how often do you attend religious services?" Depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire. African- Americans attended religious services more frequently than non-Hispanic whites, and had a lower percentage of depression (10.1% vs. 15.4%; p-value G0.05). After adjusting for the demographic variables and health-related characteristics, African-Americans displayed lower odds of having depression (OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.47-0.97) compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, when including religious service attendance in the model, we found race differences in depression (OR=0.76, 95% CI: 0.52-1.11) were no longer significant. We concluded that among individuals living in a low-income, integrated urban environment, race disparities in depression were eliminated after accounting for race differences in religious service attendance. This suggests religious service attendance may serve as a protective factor against depression for African-Americans.

AB - In the EHDIC-SWB study, African-Americans are less likely to have depression than non-Hispanic whites. Religious service attendance is one possible explanation because studies have shown an inverse relationship between religious service attendance and depression. We examined the relationship between race, religious service attendance, and depression in 835 African-American and 573 non-Hispanic white adults aged 18 and older in the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities-Southwest Baltimore (EHDIC-SWB) study. Religious service attendance was measured according to participants' response to "how often do you attend religious services?" Depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire. African- Americans attended religious services more frequently than non-Hispanic whites, and had a lower percentage of depression (10.1% vs. 15.4%; p-value G0.05). After adjusting for the demographic variables and health-related characteristics, African-Americans displayed lower odds of having depression (OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.47-0.97) compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, when including religious service attendance in the model, we found race differences in depression (OR=0.76, 95% CI: 0.52-1.11) were no longer significant. We concluded that among individuals living in a low-income, integrated urban environment, race disparities in depression were eliminated after accounting for race differences in religious service attendance. This suggests religious service attendance may serve as a protective factor against depression for African-Americans.

KW - Depression

KW - Race

KW - Religious service attendance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863785466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863785466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11524-011-9659-1

DO - 10.1007/s11524-011-9659-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 22322331

AN - SCOPUS:84863785466

VL - 89

SP - 510

EP - 518

JO - Journal of Urban Health

JF - Journal of Urban Health

SN - 1099-3460

IS - 3

ER -