Glucose tolerance is often associated with pancreatitis. Pancreatitis-induced diabetes represents a different clinical syndrome than type I and type II diabetes mellitus. Patients with pancreatitis-induced diabetes may be extremely sensitive to exogenous insulin, rarely develop ketoacidosis, and rarely exhibit classic diabetic complications, such as retinopathy, nephropathy, or accelerated vasculopathy. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) deficiency has been implicated in the defect of glucose homeostasis found after pancreatitis. This study evaluated intravenous and oral glucose tolerance and insulin response to glucose loading, in the setting of pancreatitis, with and without short-term PP replacement. Dogs (n = 7) underwent pancreatic duct ligation (PDL) and were studied with and without PP infusion (2 μg/kg/hr) before PDL and at 1 week, 6 weeks, and 4 months after PDL by means of intravenous and oral glucose tolerance tests. Basal and bombesin-stimulated PP levels at 4 months after PDL were subnormal, verifying PP deficiency in these animals with pancreatitis. PP levels during PP infusion reproduced normal postcibal levels, averaging 897 ± 40 pg/ml. Glucose tolerance, expressed as the glucose decay constant for the intravenous glucose tolerance tests and as the integrated glucose response for the oral glucose tolerance tests, deteriorated over time and was not improved by acute PP replacement. The integrated insulin response to glucose was not affected by PP. The acute infusion of PP at a dose that reproduces normal postprandial PP levels fails to improve glucose tolerance or augment insulin release in this model of pancreatitis-induced diabetes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
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