The effect of ovarian steroidogenesis on ovulation and fertilizability in the in vitro perfused rabbit ovary.

Y. Yoshimura, Y. Hosoi, S. J. Atlas, A. M. Bongiovanni, R. Santulli, E. E. Wallach

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15 Scopus citations


The effects of aminoglutethimide phosphate (AGP) on ovulation, ovum maturation, fertilizability, and steroid production were studied with the use of an isolated perfused rabbit ovary preparation. AGP (10(-3) or 10(-4) M) was added to the perfusate of one ovary. The contralateral control ovary was perfused in medium alone. Thirty minutes later human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) (50 IU) was added to the perfusate of all ovaries. No difference was observed in time of ovulation or ovulatory efficiency between controls and AGP-treated ovaries. The degree of ovum maturity and degeneration was also comparable in the two groups. Progesterone and estradiol production were significantly reduced by AGP treatment. A second experiment examined fertilizability of ova ovulated in vitro after perfusion with 10(-3) M AGP. AGP significantly reduced the rate of normal fertilization as observed 12 h after insemination. The percentage of inseminated ova with evidence of degeneration was greater in ova from AGP-treated ovaries than in those from controls, however, this difference was not significant. The study indicates that AGP affects neither hCG-induced ovulation nor meiotic resumption; however, fertilizability of ova from ovaries treated with AGP is impaired. These data suggest that the intrafollicular steroid environment may participate in cytoplasmic maturation of ovulated ova.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-948
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of reproduction
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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