The effect of in vivo T helper and T suppressor lymphocyte depletion on wound healing

A. Barbul, R. J. Breslin, J. P. Woodyard, H. L. Wasserkrug, G. Efron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of T lymphocytes in wound healing is still not well-defined. Because it had been previously shown that in vivo depletion of T cells leads to impaired wound healing, the effect of depleting T cell subsets on subsequent fibroplasia was studied. T helper/effector cells were depleted by the use of the monoclonal antibody GK1.5, reactive against the L3T4 antigen (CD4). T suppressor/cytotoxic lymphocytes were depleted by using the 2.43 monoclonal antibody reactive against the Lyt 2 antigen (CD8). In the first experiment, Balb/c mice were treated with the antibodies starting at 24 hours before wounding was performed, and weekly thereafter. Depletion of the T helper/effector cells had no effect on wound-breaking strength or hydroxyproline deposition in sponge granulomas, whereas depletion of T suppressor/cytotoxic cells significantly enhanced both of these healing parameters. In a second experiment, T cell subset depletion was started on Days 0, 3, 7, 10, and 14 postwounding, and treatments were continued weekly thereafter. Once again, depletion of T helper/effector cells had no effect on wound healing, whereas depletion of T suppressor/cytotoxic cells markedly increased both wound-breaking strength and collagen synthesis. In conclusion, the data show that T suppressor/cytotoxic cells have a counter-regulatory role in wound healing, whereas the T cell subset responsible for up-regulating wound healing remains to be identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-483
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume209
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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