Hyperoxia, during development in rats, results in hypoxic chemosensitivity ablation, carotid body hypoplasia, and reduced chemoafferents. We hypothesized that hyperoxia increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cell bodies of chemoafferents. Organotypic slices of petrosal-nodose ganglia from rats at day of life (DOL) 5-6 and 17-18 were exposed to 8%, 21%, or 95% O2 for 4 h in the presence or absence of the ROS-sensitive fluorescent indicator, CM-H2DCFDA, and propidium iodide was used to determine the relationship between cell death and oxygen tension. In tissue slices from DOL 5-6 rats, fluorescence intensity was 182.5 ± 2.9 for hypoxia, 217.5 ± 3.3 for normoxia, and 336.6 ± 3.8 for hyperoxia, (mean ± SEM, p < 0.001, ANOVA). Normoxia increased ROS levels by 19.2% from hypoxia (p < 0.01) with a further increase of 54.8% from normoxia to hyperoxia (p < 0.001). In tissue slices from DOL 17-18 rats, ROS levels increased with increasing oxygen tension but were less than in younger animals (p < 0.01, ANOVA). The antioxidants, NAC and TEMPO-9-AC, attenuated ROS levels and cell death. Electron microscopy demonstrated that hyperoxia damages the ultrastructure within petrosal ganglion neurons. Hyperoxic-induced increased levels of ROS in petrosal ganglion neurons may contribute to loss of hypoxic chemosensitivity during early postnatal development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Oct 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health