The effect of hyperoxia on reactive oxygen species (ROS) in rat petrosal ganglion neurons during development using organotypic slices

Daniel J. Kwak, Spencer D. Kwak, Estelle B. Gauda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hyperoxia, during development in rats, results in hypoxic chemosensitivity ablation, carotid body hypoplasia, and reduced chemoafferents. We hypothesized that hyperoxia increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cell bodies of chemoafferents. Organotypic slices of petrosal-nodose ganglia from rats at day of life (DOL) 5-6 and 17-18 were exposed to 8%, 21%, or 95% O2 for 4 h in the presence or absence of the ROS-sensitive fluorescent indicator, CM-H2DCFDA, and propidium iodide was used to determine the relationship between cell death and oxygen tension. In tissue slices from DOL 5-6 rats, fluorescence intensity was 182.5 ± 2.9 for hypoxia, 217.5 ± 3.3 for normoxia, and 336.6 ± 3.8 for hyperoxia, (mean ± SEM, p < 0.001, ANOVA). Normoxia increased ROS levels by 19.2% from hypoxia (p < 0.01) with a further increase of 54.8% from normoxia to hyperoxia (p < 0.001). In tissue slices from DOL 17-18 rats, ROS levels increased with increasing oxygen tension but were less than in younger animals (p < 0.01, ANOVA). The antioxidants, NAC and TEMPO-9-AC, attenuated ROS levels and cell death. Electron microscopy demonstrated that hyperoxia damages the ultrastructure within petrosal ganglion neurons. Hyperoxic-induced increased levels of ROS in petrosal ganglion neurons may contribute to loss of hypoxic chemosensitivity during early postnatal development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-376
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric research
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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