The effect of Edmonston-Zagreb and Schwarz measles vaccines on immune responses in infants

Gregory D. Hussey, Elizabeth A. Goddard, Jane Hughes, Judith J. Ryon, Mustaphah Kerran, Edgar Carelse, Peter M. Strebel, Lauri E. Markowitz, John Moodie, Peter Barron, Zainub Latief, Rauoff Sayed, David Beatty, Diane E. Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of measles immunization on immune responses in infants and the roles of vaccine strain and age of immunization are not known. Eighty- eight children were immunized at 6 or 9 months of age with the Edmonston- Zagreb (EZ) or Schwarz (SW6, SW9) strain of measles vaccine. Children were studied before and 2 weeks and 3 months after immunization. Seroconversion was similar, but geometric mean neutralizing titers at 3 months differed by vaccine group: SW9, 1367 mIU/mL; SW6, 982; and EZ, 303 (P = .003). Mitogen- induced lymphoproliferation was decreased at 2 weeks in the SW9 group and at 3 months in all groups and was negatively correlated with measles antibody level at 3 months (r = -.387, P = .003). CD8 T cells, soluble CD8, neopterin, and β2-macroglobulin were increased at 2 weeks in the SW9 group, and soluble CD8 and β2-microglobulin remained elevated at 3 months. Therefore, measles immunization resulted in suppression of lymphoproliferation, which was most evident in infants with the highest antibody responses and most immune activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1320-1326
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume173
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Hussey, G. D., Goddard, E. A., Hughes, J., Ryon, J. J., Kerran, M., Carelse, E., Strebel, P. M., Markowitz, L. E., Moodie, J., Barron, P., Latief, Z., Sayed, R., Beatty, D., & Griffin, D. E. (1996). The effect of Edmonston-Zagreb and Schwarz measles vaccines on immune responses in infants. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 173(6), 1320-1326. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/173.6.1320