The Effect of Cumulative Length of Hospital Stay on the Antifungal Resistance of Candida Strains Isolated from Critically Ill Surgical Patients

Themistoklis K. Kourkoumpetis, George C. Velmahos, Panayiotis D. Ziakas, Emmanouil Tampakakis, Dimitra Manolakaki, Jeffrey J. Coleman, Eleftherios Mylonakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fluconazole is the first line of therapy for the management of candidiasis. However, fluconazole-resistant strains pose an emerging challenge in everyday clinical practice. In this study, we sought to determine whether cumulative length of hospital stay (CLOS) is a predictive factor for the acquisition of non-susceptible Candida strains to fluconazole. Thirty-three critically ill emergency surgery patients with 56 Candida isolates were enrolled in this prospective study. We divided our isolates according to their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to fluconazole using 8 mcg/ml as a cutoff. We then compared the two groups with respect to basic demographics, antifungal agents prescribed, number of wide-spectrum antibiotics, duration of central venous catheter placement, elapsed time to positive culture, duration of prior hospital stay, and length of hospital stay. Non-susceptible fluconazole samples belonged to patients with a significantly longer prior hospital stay and a longer CLOS (P = 0.02 and 0.01, respectively). The difference between the 2 groups regarding non-albicans strains was statistically significant (P > 0.001). By fitting a non-parametric receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curve into our analysis, a CLOS ≥ 29 days predicted the occurrence of non-susceptible strains with 90% sensitivity and 79.6% specificity (correct classification 81.5%). A CLOS ≥ 29 days is a strong predictor for the isolation of non-susceptible Candida isolates to fluconazole among critically ill emergency surgery patients. Clinicians should consider the duration of previous hospital stay when deciding on empiric antifungal therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalMycopathologia
Volume171
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Candida
  • Candidiasis
  • Emergency surgery
  • Fluconazole
  • Resistance
  • Risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)

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