The effect of cognitive status on outcomes following rehabilitation

Barbara Resnick, Mel P. Daly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Impaired cognition is a determinant of poor recovery following a hip fracture. Because of the risk of poorer outcomes, individuals with impaired cognitive function may be refused admission into a rehabilitation program. This study considered the impact of cognitive status on functional ability over time for older adults' who participate in a rehabilitation program. Methods: We studied a convenience sample of 200 consecutive patients who participated in on inpatient rehabilitation program following an orthopedic event. We obtained complete follow-up data on 181 participants. Baseline data were collected within 48 hours of admission and included demographics, rehabilitation diagnosis, living locution prior to admission, the Mini-mental State Examination, and the Barthel Index (BI). Telephone follow-up was made at 3, 6, and 12 months after discharge from rehabilitation, and we obtained information about demographic data and functional status (BI). Results: There were no differences in the demographic characteristics of the two groups except for race; a larger percentage African-Americans were in the impaired group. There was a statistically significant main effect of time with functional ability of all participants, increasing over the 12-month follow-up period. Conclusions: This study suggests that rehabilitation of the older adult, both with and without cognitive impairment, can result in improvement in functional ability that is sustained over a 12-month period. Although the findings indicate that those with cognitive impairment have lower functional performance at each testing period, these individuals improved functionally during the course of rehabilitation and maintained their discharge level of functioning for 1 year after discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-405
Number of pages6
JournalFamily medicine
Volume29
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

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