The effect of child physical abuse and neglect on aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior

Claudia T. Prino, Mark Peyrot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior in physically abused (N = 21), nonabused-neglected (N = 26), and nonabused-nonneglected (N = 21) children aged 5 to 8 years. Multiple assessment techniques were used, specifically the Human Figure and Kinetic Group Drawings, children's verbal stories, and teacher ratings on the Pittsburgh Adjustment Survey Scales. All measurement techniques were able to discriminate among the three groups. Physically abused children displayed significantly more aggressive behavior than the neglected and nonmaltreated; neglected children were significantly more withdrawn than the physically abused and nonmaltreated; nonmaltreated children exhibited significantly more prosocial behavior than the abused and neglected. No single dimension adequately discriminated each of the three groups. Full discrimination was achieved only when aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior were combined in a multivariate analysis, indicating that effects of maltreatment must be viewed as multidimensional.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)871-884
Number of pages14
JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
neglect
abuse
teacher rating
Group
aggressive behavior
maltreatment
Human Body
multivariate analysis
discrimination
Multivariate Analysis
Physical Abuse

Keywords

  • Abuse
  • Aggression
  • Neglect
  • Prosocial
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Law
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The effect of child physical abuse and neglect on aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior. / Prino, Claudia T.; Peyrot, Mark.

In: Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 18, No. 10, 1994, p. 871-884.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prino, Claudia T. ; Peyrot, Mark. / The effect of child physical abuse and neglect on aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior. In: Child Abuse and Neglect. 1994 ; Vol. 18, No. 10. pp. 871-884.
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