The effect of child physical abuse and neglect on aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior

Claudia T. Prino, Mark Peyrot

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    This study investigated aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior in physically abused (N = 21), nonabused-neglected (N = 26), and nonabused-nonneglected (N = 21) children aged 5 to 8 years. Multiple assessment techniques were used, specifically the Human Figure and Kinetic Group Drawings, children's verbal stories, and teacher ratings on the Pittsburgh Adjustment Survey Scales. All measurement techniques were able to discriminate among the three groups. Physically abused children displayed significantly more aggressive behavior than the neglected and nonmaltreated; neglected children were significantly more withdrawn than the physically abused and nonmaltreated; nonmaltreated children exhibited significantly more prosocial behavior than the abused and neglected. No single dimension adequately discriminated each of the three groups. Full discrimination was achieved only when aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior were combined in a multivariate analysis, indicating that effects of maltreatment must be viewed as multidimensional.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)871-884
    Number of pages14
    JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
    Volume18
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1994

    Keywords

    • Abuse
    • Aggression
    • Neglect
    • Prosocial
    • Withdrawal

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of child physical abuse and neglect on aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behavior'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this