The effect of a personalized approach to patient education on heart failure self-management

Muhammad W. Athar, Janet Record, Carol Martire, David B Hellmann, Roy Ziegelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Personalized tools relevant to an individual patient’s unique characteristics may be an important component of personalized health care. We randomized 97 patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure to receive a printout of an ultrasound image of their inferior vena cava (IVC) with an explanation of how the image is related to their fluid status (n = 50) or to receive no image and only generic heart failure information (n = 47). Adherence to medications, low-sodium diet, and daily weight measurement at baseline and 30 days after discharge were assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study Specific Adherence Scale, modified to a three-item version for heart failure (HF), (MOSSAS-3HF, maximum score = 15, indicating adherence all of the time). The baseline MOSSAS-3HF scores (mean ± standard deviation (SD)) were similar for intervention and control groups (7.4 ± 3.4 vs. 6.4 ± 3.7, p = 0.91). The MOSSAS-3HF scores improved for both groups but were not different at 30 days (11.8 ± 2.8 vs. 11.7 ± 3.0, p = 0.90). Survival without readmission or emergency department (ED) visit at 30 days was similar (82.6% vs. 84.1%, p = 0.85). A personalized HF tool did not affect rates of self-reported HF treatment adherence or survival without readmission or ED visit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number39
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Heart failure
  • Hospital readmission
  • Patient education
  • Portable ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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