The effect of a needle exchange program on numbers of discarded needles: A 2-year follow-up

Meg Caroline Doherty, Benjamin Junge, Paul Rathouz, Richard S. Garfein, Elise Riley, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. This study estimates the quantity and geographic distribution of discarded needles, on the streets of Baltimore, Md, during the 2 years after a needle exchange program opened. Methods. Thirty-two city blocks were randomly sampled. Counts were taken of the number of syringes, drug vials, and bottles before the needle exchange program opened and then at 6 periodic intervals for 2 years after the program opened. Nonparametric and generalized estimating equation models were used to examine change over time. Results. Two years after the needle exchange program opened, there was a significant decline in the overall quantity of discarded needles relative to that of drug vials and bottles (background trash). The block mean of number of needles per 100 trash items was 2.42 before the program opened and 1.30 2 years later (mean within-block change=-0.028, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)936-939
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume90
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2000

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Needle-Exchange Programs
varespladib methyl
Needles
Baltimore
Syringes
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Doherty, M. C., Junge, B., Rathouz, P., Garfein, R. S., Riley, E., & Vlahov, D. (2000). The effect of a needle exchange program on numbers of discarded needles: A 2-year follow-up. American Journal of Public Health, 90(6), 936-939.

The effect of a needle exchange program on numbers of discarded needles : A 2-year follow-up. / Doherty, Meg Caroline; Junge, Benjamin; Rathouz, Paul; Garfein, Richard S.; Riley, Elise; Vlahov, David.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 90, No. 6, 06.2000, p. 936-939.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Doherty, MC, Junge, B, Rathouz, P, Garfein, RS, Riley, E & Vlahov, D 2000, 'The effect of a needle exchange program on numbers of discarded needles: A 2-year follow-up', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 936-939.
Doherty, Meg Caroline ; Junge, Benjamin ; Rathouz, Paul ; Garfein, Richard S. ; Riley, Elise ; Vlahov, David. / The effect of a needle exchange program on numbers of discarded needles : A 2-year follow-up. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2000 ; Vol. 90, No. 6. pp. 936-939.
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