The economic burden of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA)

B. Y. Lee, A. Singh, M. Z. David, S. M. Bartsch, R. B. Slayton, S. S. Huang, S. M. Zimmer, M. A. Potter, C. M. Macal, D. S. Lauderdale, L. G. Miller, R. S. Daum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clin Microbiol Infect The economic impact of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) remains unclear. We developed an economic simulation model to quantify the costs associated with CA-MRSA infection from the societal and third-party payer perspectives. A single CA-MRSA case costs third-party payers $2277-$3200 and society $7070-$20489, depending on patient age. In the United States (US), CA-MRSA imposes an annual burden of $478million to 2.2billion on third-party payers and $1.4-13.8billion on society, depending on the CA-MRSA definitions and incidences. The US jail system and Army may be experiencing annual total costs of $7-11million ($6-10million direct medical costs) and $15-36million ($14-32million direct costs), respectively. Hospitalization rates and mortality are important cost drivers. CA-MRSA confers a substantial economic burden on third-party payers and society, with CA-MRSA-attributable productivity losses being major contributors to the total societal economic burden. Although decreasing transmission and infection incidence would decrease costs, even if transmission were to continue at present levels, early identification and appropriate treatment of CA-MRSA infections before they progress could save considerable costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-536
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • CA-MRSA
  • Community
  • Cost
  • Economics
  • MRSA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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