The Easiest Children to Reach Are Most Likely to Be Infected with Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in Trachoma Endemic Areas of Niger

Abdou Amza, Boubacar Kadri, Baido Nassirou, Sun N. Yu, Nicole E. Stoller, Satasuk J. Bhosai, Zhaoxia Zhou, Charles E. McCulloch, Sheila K West, Robin L. Bailey, Jeremy D. Keenan, Thomas M. Lietman, Bruce D. Gaynor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Control programs for trachoma use mass antibiotic distributions to treat ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in an effort to eliminate this disease worldwide. To determine whether children infected with ocular Chlamydia are more likely to present later for examination than those who are uninfected, we compare the order of presentation for examination of children 0-5 years, and the presence of ocular Chlamydia by PCR in 4 villages in Niger where trachoma is endemic. Methods: We conducted a cluster-randomized, controlled trial where 48 randomly selected villages in Niger are divided into 4 study arms of different mass treatment strategies. In a substudy of the main trial, we randomly selected 1 village from each of the 4 study arms (4 total villages) and we evaluated the odds of ocular Chlamydia versus the rank order of presentation for examination and laboratory assessment before treatment was offered. Findings: We found the odds of harboring ocular Chlamydia dropped by more than 70% from the first child examined to the last child examined (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.13-0.59, P = 0.001) in the 4 randomly selected villages. We found the odds of active trachoma dropped by 80% from the first child examined to the last child examined (OR 0.20, 95% CI 0.10-0.4, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1983
JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

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Trachoma
Niger
Chlamydia trachomatis
Chlamydia
Randomized Controlled Trials
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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The Easiest Children to Reach Are Most Likely to Be Infected with Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in Trachoma Endemic Areas of Niger. / Amza, Abdou; Kadri, Boubacar; Nassirou, Baido; Yu, Sun N.; Stoller, Nicole E.; Bhosai, Satasuk J.; Zhou, Zhaoxia; McCulloch, Charles E.; West, Sheila K; Bailey, Robin L.; Keenan, Jeremy D.; Lietman, Thomas M.; Gaynor, Bruce D.

In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Vol. 7, No. 1, e1983, 01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amza, A, Kadri, B, Nassirou, B, Yu, SN, Stoller, NE, Bhosai, SJ, Zhou, Z, McCulloch, CE, West, SK, Bailey, RL, Keenan, JD, Lietman, TM & Gaynor, BD 2013, 'The Easiest Children to Reach Are Most Likely to Be Infected with Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in Trachoma Endemic Areas of Niger', PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 7, no. 1, e1983. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001983
Amza, Abdou ; Kadri, Boubacar ; Nassirou, Baido ; Yu, Sun N. ; Stoller, Nicole E. ; Bhosai, Satasuk J. ; Zhou, Zhaoxia ; McCulloch, Charles E. ; West, Sheila K ; Bailey, Robin L. ; Keenan, Jeremy D. ; Lietman, Thomas M. ; Gaynor, Bruce D. / The Easiest Children to Reach Are Most Likely to Be Infected with Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in Trachoma Endemic Areas of Niger. In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2013 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.
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