The dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) Ser9Gly polymorphism and schizophrenia: A haplotype relative risk study and association with clozapine response

A. K. Malhotra, D. Goldman, R. W. Buchanan, W. Rooney, A. Clifton, M. H. Kosmidis, A. Breier, D. Pickar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Several lines of evidence suggest that the dopamine D3 receptor is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The D3 receptor gene (DRD3) contains a polymorphism resulting in a serine-glycine substitution in the N-terminus of the receptor. Shaikh and colleagues have reported a significant association between the DRD3 Ser9 allele and the Ser9/Ser genotype with schizophrenia in 133 Caucasians. In a meta-analysis of previous studies, Ser9 and the Ser9/Ser9 genotype were found to be significantly associated with schizophrenia, investigators could not confirm excess homozygosity at this locus in schizophrenia. These authors also report that, in an unblinded study, the Ser9/Ser9 genotype was more frequent in patients who did not respond to clozapine. These data represent the most comprehensive examination of DRD3 Ser9Gly in schizophrenia to date. We have therefore determined DRD3 Ser9Gly genotypes in 58 patients with schizophrenia and in their parents. Moreover, we have genotyped 68 schizophrenics participating in double-blind clozapine trials. We do not find that Ser9 is preferentially transmitted in schizophrenia, cannot confirm excess DRD3 homozygosity in schizophrenia, and do not replicate the association between DRD3 and clozapine response. These data suggest that allelic variation in DRD3 may not play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia or in clozapine response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-75
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Association
  • Clozapine
  • Dopamine 3 receptor
  • Genetics
  • Polymorphism
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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