The diagnostic value of β-catenin immunohistochemistry

Elizabeth Montgomery, Andrew L. Folpe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

β-catenin is a 92-kDa protein that binds to the cytoplasmic tail of E-cadherin. It acts in the nucleus to stimulate cell proliferation and is degraded by complexing with the adenomatous polyposis coli gene. When it is mutated, it is ineffectively degraded and results in unchecked proliferative activity that plays a role in a subset of neoplasms. When there are alterations in β-catenin degradation, it accumulates to a sufficient extent to be detected in the nuclei of tumor cells immunohistochemically, a feature that can be exploited in the differential diagnosis of selected neoplasms. Immunohistochemistry for β-catenin may be useful in the differential diagnosis of selected tumors of soft tissue, the gastrointestinal tract, including the pancreas, lung, and female genital tract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-356
Number of pages7
JournalAdvances in anatomic pathology
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

Keywords

  • Colon adenoma
  • Endometrial carcinoma
  • Fibromatosis
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
  • Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma
  • Pancreatoblastoma
  • Pulmonary blastoma
  • Solid and pseudopapillary neoplasm
  • β-catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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