The development of brain systems associated with successful memory retrieval of scenes

Noa Ofen, Xiaoqian Chai, Karen D.I. Schuil, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, John D.E. Gabrieli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neuroanatomical and psychological evidence suggests prolonged maturation of declarative memory systems in the human brain from childhood into young adulthood. Here, we examine functional brain development during successful memory retrieval of scenes in children, adolescents, and young adults ages 8-21 via functional magnetic resonance imaging. Recognition memory improved with age, specifically for accurate identification of studied scenes (hits). Successful retrieval (correct old-new decisions for studied vs unstudied scenes) was associated with activations in frontal, parietal, and medial temporal lobe (MTL) regions. Activations associated with successful retrieval increased with age in left parietal cortex (BA7), bilateral prefrontal, and bilateral caudate regions. In contrast, activations associated with successful retrieval did not change with age in the MTL. Psychophysiological interaction analysis revealed that there were, however, age-relate changes in differential connectivity for successful retrieval between MTL and prefrontal regions. These results suggest that neocortical regions related to attentional or strategic control show the greatest developmental changes for memory retrieval of scenes. Furthermore, these results suggest that functional interactions between MTL and prefrontal regions during memory retrieval also develop into young adulthood. The developmental increase of memory-related activations in frontal and parietal regions for retrieval of scenes and the absence of such an increase in MTL regions parallels what has been observed for memory encoding of scenes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10012-10020
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume32
Issue number29
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Temporal Lobe
Brain
Parietal Lobe
Young Adult
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Ofen, N., Chai, X., Schuil, K. D. I., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2012). The development of brain systems associated with successful memory retrieval of scenes. Journal of Neuroscience, 32(29), 10012-10020. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1082-11.2012

The development of brain systems associated with successful memory retrieval of scenes. / Ofen, Noa; Chai, Xiaoqian; Schuil, Karen D.I.; Whitfield-Gabrieli, Susan; Gabrieli, John D.E.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 32, No. 29, 18.07.2012, p. 10012-10020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ofen, N, Chai, X, Schuil, KDI, Whitfield-Gabrieli, S & Gabrieli, JDE 2012, 'The development of brain systems associated with successful memory retrieval of scenes', Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 32, no. 29, pp. 10012-10020. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1082-11.2012
Ofen, Noa ; Chai, Xiaoqian ; Schuil, Karen D.I. ; Whitfield-Gabrieli, Susan ; Gabrieli, John D.E. / The development of brain systems associated with successful memory retrieval of scenes. In: Journal of Neuroscience. 2012 ; Vol. 32, No. 29. pp. 10012-10020.
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