Natural killer (NK) cells are large granular lymphocytes that are able to recognize and lyse a broad spectrum of transformed cells. We report one approach to identify NK surface recognition molecules on human tumor targets. A cloned renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell line, 5117GB, sensitive to NK activity, was made NK-resistant (5117GBT) by exposure to peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Both cell lines were found to be sensitive to lymphokine-activated killer cells. Both 5117GB and 5117GBT were positive for laminin (25-33%), CD2 (LFA-3 receptor, 95-98%), CD54 (ICAM-1, 99-100%) and CD58 (LFA-3, 100%). 5117GB was positive for HLA-ABC while 5117GBT lost detectable HLA-ABC. F(ab')2 fragments of HLA-ABC were not able to block NK-mediated cytotoxicity of 5117GB. We identified 6 murine monoclonal antibodies that preferentially bind either to sensitive or resistant RCC cells. The role of each of the antigens recognized by these antibodies in NK-mediated lysis is being explored. The development of NK-sensitive and NK-resistant human solid tumor cell lines may allow further exploration of surface molecules involved with NK binding and lysis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 1992|
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