The demographic impact and development benefits of meeting demand for family planning with modern contraceptive methods

Daniel Goodkind, Lisa Lollock, Yoonjoung Choi, Thomas McDevitt, Loraine West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Meeting demand for family planning can facilitate progress towards all major themes of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. Many policymakers have embraced a benchmark goal that at least 75% of the demand for family planning in all countries be satisfied with modern contraceptive methods by the year 2030. Objective: This study examines the demographic impact (and development implications) of achieving the 75% benchmark in 13 developing countries that are expected to be the furthest from achieving that benchmark. Methods: Estimation of the demographic impact of achieving the 75% benchmark requires three steps in each country: 1) translate contraceptive prevalence assumptions (with and without intervention) into future fertility levels based on biometric models, 2) incorporate each pair of fertility assumptions into separate population projections, and 3) compare the demographic differences between the two population projections. Data are drawn from the United Nations, the US Census Bureau, and Demographic and Health Surveys. Results: The demographic impact of meeting the 75% benchmark is examined via projected differences in fertility rates (average expected births per woman’s reproductive lifetime), total population, growth rates, age structure, and youth dependency. On average, meeting the benchmark would imply a 16 percentage point increase in modern contraceptive prevalence by 2030 and a 20% decline in youth dependency, which portends a potential demographic dividend to spur economic growth. Conclusions: Improvements in meeting the demand for family planning with modern contraceptive methods can bring substantial benefits to developing countries. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show formally how such improvements can alter population size and age structure. Declines in youth dependency portend a demographic dividend, an added bonus to the already well-known benefits of meeting existing demands for family planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1423861
JournalGlobal Health Action
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Benchmarking
Family Planning Services
Contraception
Demography
United Nations
Contraceptive Agents
Developing Countries
Fertility
Planets
Economic Development
Birth Rate
Population Growth
Conservation of Natural Resources
Censuses
Population Density
Parturition

Keywords

  • biometric models
  • Demographic dividend
  • population projections
  • reproductive health
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • United Nations SDGs (sustainable development goals)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The demographic impact and development benefits of meeting demand for family planning with modern contraceptive methods. / Goodkind, Daniel; Lollock, Lisa; Choi, Yoonjoung; McDevitt, Thomas; West, Loraine.

In: Global Health Action, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1423861, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goodkind, Daniel ; Lollock, Lisa ; Choi, Yoonjoung ; McDevitt, Thomas ; West, Loraine. / The demographic impact and development benefits of meeting demand for family planning with modern contraceptive methods. In: Global Health Action. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Meeting demand for family planning can facilitate progress towards all major themes of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. Many policymakers have embraced a benchmark goal that at least 75{\%} of the demand for family planning in all countries be satisfied with modern contraceptive methods by the year 2030. Objective: This study examines the demographic impact (and development implications) of achieving the 75{\%} benchmark in 13 developing countries that are expected to be the furthest from achieving that benchmark. Methods: Estimation of the demographic impact of achieving the 75{\%} benchmark requires three steps in each country: 1) translate contraceptive prevalence assumptions (with and without intervention) into future fertility levels based on biometric models, 2) incorporate each pair of fertility assumptions into separate population projections, and 3) compare the demographic differences between the two population projections. Data are drawn from the United Nations, the US Census Bureau, and Demographic and Health Surveys. Results: The demographic impact of meeting the 75{\%} benchmark is examined via projected differences in fertility rates (average expected births per woman’s reproductive lifetime), total population, growth rates, age structure, and youth dependency. On average, meeting the benchmark would imply a 16 percentage point increase in modern contraceptive prevalence by 2030 and a 20{\%} decline in youth dependency, which portends a potential demographic dividend to spur economic growth. Conclusions: Improvements in meeting the demand for family planning with modern contraceptive methods can bring substantial benefits to developing countries. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show formally how such improvements can alter population size and age structure. Declines in youth dependency portend a demographic dividend, an added bonus to the already well-known benefits of meeting existing demands for family planning.",
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