The Cytotoxicity of γ-l-glutaminyl-4-hydroxybenzene for cells that contain tyrosinase, a study of melanocytes in the hair follicle of the Mouse

Peter C. Burger, F. Stephen Vogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The s.c. administration of y-L-glutaminyl-4-hydroxybenzene (GHB) to neonatal black mice produced a prompt, generalized, and selective swelling and lysis of the melanocytes of the hair follicles. The findings indicate that this cytotoxic effect was dependent upon the intracellular activation of GHB by tyrosinase. Supportive of this conclusion were: (a) an absence of comparable cytological alterations in adjacent keratinocytes; (b) a lack of response by melanocytes of albino mice; and (c) patterns of deficient pigmentation produced by GHB in juvenile black mice, suggesting that susceptible follicles were those in the tyrosinase-producng growth phase. The administration of GHB also induced condensation, or “apoptosis,” of individual follicular keratinocytes of both black and albino mice and in the melanocytes in the latter. This response was apparently independent of tyrosinase. It was transitory and without appreciable effect on hair growth. The findings further characterize the selective cytolytic properties of GHB for mammalian cells that possess tyrosinase and suggest a potential for this natural compound as a chemotherapeutic agent against melanocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1494-1503
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Volume39
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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