The costs of interpersonal violence - An international review

Hugh Richard Waters, Adnan Ali Hyder, Yogesh Rajkotia, Suprotik Basu, Alexander Butchart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reviews evidence of the economic impact of interpersonal violence internationally. In the United States, estimates of the costs of interpersonal violence reach 3.3% of GDP. The public sector - and thus society in general - bears the majority of these costs. Interpersonal violence is defined to include violence between family members and intimate partners, and violence between acquaintances and strangers that is not intended to further the aims of any formally defined group or cause. Although these types of violence disproportionately affect poorer countries, there is a scarcity of studies of their economic impact in these countries. International comparisons are complicated by the calculation of economic losses based on foregone wages and income, thus undervaluing economic losses in poorer countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-315
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Policy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 8 2005


  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Costs
  • Economic evaluation
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy


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