Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem, in particular because of long-term complications affecting essential organs, such as the eyes and kidneys, which can lead to a reduction in life expectancy and high healthcare costs. The number of individuals with diabetes mellitus is projected to rise worldwide from 171 million people in 2000 to 366 million people in 2030. With the number of patients with diabetes continually growing, the burden of pressure on worldwide health systems is huge. Accordingly, regulatory and marketing approvals of new medicines are beginning to incorporate economic evaluation techniques to determine their cost-effectiveness. Overall, the studies included in this review show that the initiation of insulin glargine is cost-effective and is expected to lead to substantial improvements in both life years (LYs) and quality-adjusted LYs compared with neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin.
- Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio
- Insulin glargine
- Long-acting insulin
- Quality-adjusted life years
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism