The contribution of passengers versus mobile phone use to motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance by the driver

Suzanne P. McEvoy, Mark R. Stevenson, Mark Woodward

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

There is evidence that mobile phone use while driving (including hands-free) is associated with motor vehicle crashes. However, whether the effects of mobile phone use differ from that of passengers in the vehicle remains unclear. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of crash associated with passenger carriage and compare that with mobile phone use. A case-control study ('passenger study') was performed in Perth, Western Australia in 2003 and 2004. Cases were 274 drivers who attended hospital following a motor vehicle crash and controls were 1096 drivers (1:4 matching) recruited at service stations matched to the location and time and day of week of the crash. The results were compared with those of a case-crossover study ('mobile phone study') undertaken concurrently (n = 456); 152 cases were common to both studies. Passenger carriage increased the likelihood of a crash (adjusted odds ratio (adj. OR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.6, 1.1-2.2). Drivers carrying two or more passengers were twice as likely to crash as unaccompanied drivers (adj. OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.8). By comparison, driver's use of a mobile phone within 5 min before a crash was associated with a fourfold increased likelihood of crashing (OR 4.1, 95% CI 2.2-7.7). Passenger carriage and increasing numbers of passengers are associated with an increased likelihood of crash, though not to the same extent as mobile phone use. Further research is needed to investigate the factors underlying the increased risks.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1170-1176
Number of pages7
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cell Phones
Motor Vehicles
motor vehicle
driver
Mobile phones
confidence
Confidence Intervals
Odds Ratio
Research
evidence
time
Western Australia
Cross-Over Studies
Case-Control Studies
Hand
Filling stations

Keywords

  • Driver distraction
  • Human factor
  • Mobile (cell) phone
  • Motor vehicle
  • Passenger
  • Traffic crash

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Safety Research
  • Law
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Chemical Health and Safety

Cite this

The contribution of passengers versus mobile phone use to motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance by the driver. / McEvoy, Suzanne P.; Stevenson, Mark R.; Woodward, Mark.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 39, No. 6, 11.2007, p. 1170-1176.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

@article{cf0338e097c74a05b298c79600970cdb,
title = "The contribution of passengers versus mobile phone use to motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance by the driver",
abstract = "There is evidence that mobile phone use while driving (including hands-free) is associated with motor vehicle crashes. However, whether the effects of mobile phone use differ from that of passengers in the vehicle remains unclear. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of crash associated with passenger carriage and compare that with mobile phone use. A case-control study ('passenger study') was performed in Perth, Western Australia in 2003 and 2004. Cases were 274 drivers who attended hospital following a motor vehicle crash and controls were 1096 drivers (1:4 matching) recruited at service stations matched to the location and time and day of week of the crash. The results were compared with those of a case-crossover study ('mobile phone study') undertaken concurrently (n = 456); 152 cases were common to both studies. Passenger carriage increased the likelihood of a crash (adjusted odds ratio (adj. OR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.6, 1.1-2.2). Drivers carrying two or more passengers were twice as likely to crash as unaccompanied drivers (adj. OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.8). By comparison, driver's use of a mobile phone within 5 min before a crash was associated with a fourfold increased likelihood of crashing (OR 4.1, 95% CI 2.2-7.7). Passenger carriage and increasing numbers of passengers are associated with an increased likelihood of crash, though not to the same extent as mobile phone use. Further research is needed to investigate the factors underlying the increased risks.",
keywords = "Driver distraction, Human factor, Mobile (cell) phone, Motor vehicle, Passenger, Traffic crash",
author = "McEvoy, {Suzanne P.} and Stevenson, {Mark R.} and Mark Woodward",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.aap.2007.03.004",
volume = "39",
pages = "1170--1176",
journal = "Accident Analysis and Prevention",
issn = "0001-4575",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The contribution of passengers versus mobile phone use to motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance by the driver

AU - McEvoy,Suzanne P.

AU - Stevenson,Mark R.

AU - Woodward,Mark

PY - 2007/11

Y1 - 2007/11

N2 - There is evidence that mobile phone use while driving (including hands-free) is associated with motor vehicle crashes. However, whether the effects of mobile phone use differ from that of passengers in the vehicle remains unclear. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of crash associated with passenger carriage and compare that with mobile phone use. A case-control study ('passenger study') was performed in Perth, Western Australia in 2003 and 2004. Cases were 274 drivers who attended hospital following a motor vehicle crash and controls were 1096 drivers (1:4 matching) recruited at service stations matched to the location and time and day of week of the crash. The results were compared with those of a case-crossover study ('mobile phone study') undertaken concurrently (n = 456); 152 cases were common to both studies. Passenger carriage increased the likelihood of a crash (adjusted odds ratio (adj. OR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.6, 1.1-2.2). Drivers carrying two or more passengers were twice as likely to crash as unaccompanied drivers (adj. OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.8). By comparison, driver's use of a mobile phone within 5 min before a crash was associated with a fourfold increased likelihood of crashing (OR 4.1, 95% CI 2.2-7.7). Passenger carriage and increasing numbers of passengers are associated with an increased likelihood of crash, though not to the same extent as mobile phone use. Further research is needed to investigate the factors underlying the increased risks.

AB - There is evidence that mobile phone use while driving (including hands-free) is associated with motor vehicle crashes. However, whether the effects of mobile phone use differ from that of passengers in the vehicle remains unclear. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of crash associated with passenger carriage and compare that with mobile phone use. A case-control study ('passenger study') was performed in Perth, Western Australia in 2003 and 2004. Cases were 274 drivers who attended hospital following a motor vehicle crash and controls were 1096 drivers (1:4 matching) recruited at service stations matched to the location and time and day of week of the crash. The results were compared with those of a case-crossover study ('mobile phone study') undertaken concurrently (n = 456); 152 cases were common to both studies. Passenger carriage increased the likelihood of a crash (adjusted odds ratio (adj. OR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.6, 1.1-2.2). Drivers carrying two or more passengers were twice as likely to crash as unaccompanied drivers (adj. OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.8). By comparison, driver's use of a mobile phone within 5 min before a crash was associated with a fourfold increased likelihood of crashing (OR 4.1, 95% CI 2.2-7.7). Passenger carriage and increasing numbers of passengers are associated with an increased likelihood of crash, though not to the same extent as mobile phone use. Further research is needed to investigate the factors underlying the increased risks.

KW - Driver distraction

KW - Human factor

KW - Mobile (cell) phone

KW - Motor vehicle

KW - Passenger

KW - Traffic crash

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34848834806&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34848834806&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.aap.2007.03.004

DO - 10.1016/j.aap.2007.03.004

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 1170

EP - 1176

JO - Accident Analysis and Prevention

T2 - Accident Analysis and Prevention

JF - Accident Analysis and Prevention

SN - 0001-4575

IS - 6

ER -