The conservative surgical treatment of endometriosis: Evaluation of pregnancy success with respect to the extent of disease as categorized using contemporary classification systems

J. A. Rock, D. S. Guzick, C. Sengos, M. Schweditsch, K. C. Sapp, H. W. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A homogeneous group of 214 infertile women with endometriosis treated at the Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1960 to 1979 received conservative surgery as the sole therapeutic modality. Among this group, 115 patients (54%) conceived following surgery; of these conceptions, 109 resulted in a living child. Among 49 patients with secondary infertility, the spontaneous abortion rate was reduced from 49% to 20% after conservative surgery (P ≤ 0.01). Three contemporary classification systems were utilized to categorize patients according to the sites and amount of endometriosis at the time of conservative surgery. Those systems suggested by Buttram and by Kistner and coauthors revealed differences among fecundability rates among the different categories (P ≤ 0.01); however, the system suggested by The American Fertility Society (AFS) revealed significant differences only if categories were combined (mild plus moderate versus severe plus extensive, P ≤ 0.05). Nevertheless, the AFS system revealed that pregnancy success was significantly reduced if an ovarian endometrioma was greater than 3 cm or had ruptured (P ≤ 0.01).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

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Endometriosis
Fertility
Pregnancy
Induced Abortion
Spontaneous Abortion
Infertility
Conservative Treatment
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

The conservative surgical treatment of endometriosis : Evaluation of pregnancy success with respect to the extent of disease as categorized using contemporary classification systems. / Rock, J. A.; Guzick, D. S.; Sengos, C.; Schweditsch, M.; Sapp, K. C.; Jones, H. W.

In: Fertility and Sterility, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1981, p. 131-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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