The Columbia Thyroid Eye Disease-Compressive Optic Neuropathy Diagnostic Formula

Alison B. Callahan, Ashley Campbell, Susel Oropesa, Aryeh Baraban, Michael Kazim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: Diagnosing thyroid eye disease-compressive optic neuropathy (TED-CON) is challenging, particularly in cases lacking a relative afferent pupillary defect. Large case series of TED-CON patients and accessible diagnostic tools are lacking in the current literature. This study aims to create a mathematical formula that accurately predicts the presence or absence of CON based on the most salient clinical measures of optic neuropathy.

METHODS: A retrospective case series compares 108 patients (216 orbits) with either unilateral or bilateral TED-CON and 41 age-matched patients (82 orbits) with noncompressive TED. Utilizing clinical variables assessing optic nerve function and/or risk of compressive disease, and with the aid of generalized linear regression modeling, the authors create a mathematical formula that weighs the relative contribution of each clinical variable in the overall prediction of CON.

RESULTS: Data from 213 orbits in 110 patients derived the formula: y = -0.69 + 2.58 × (afferent pupillary defect) - 0.31 × (summed limitation of ductions) - 0.2 × (mean deviation on Humphrey visual field testing) - 0.02 × (% color plates). This accurately predicted the presence of CON (y > 0) versus non-CON (y < 0) in 82% of cases with 83% sensitivity and 81% specificity. When there was no relative afferent pupillary defect, which was the case in 63% of CON orbits, the formula correctly predicted CON in 78% of orbits with 73% sensitivity and 83% specificity.

CONCLUSIONS: The authors developed a mathematical formula, the Columbia TED-CON Diagnostic Formula (CTD Formula), that can help guide clinicians in accurately diagnosing TED-CON, particularly in the presence of bilateral disease and when no relative afferent pupillary defect is present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S68-S71
JournalOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume34
Issue number4S Suppl 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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Optic Nerve Diseases
Eye Diseases
Thyroid Diseases
Pupil Disorders
Orbit
Sensitivity and Specificity
Optic Nerve
Visual Fields
Linear Models
Color

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

The Columbia Thyroid Eye Disease-Compressive Optic Neuropathy Diagnostic Formula. / Callahan, Alison B.; Campbell, Ashley; Oropesa, Susel; Baraban, Aryeh; Kazim, Michael.

In: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 34, No. 4S Suppl 1, 01.07.2018, p. S68-S71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Callahan, Alison B. ; Campbell, Ashley ; Oropesa, Susel ; Baraban, Aryeh ; Kazim, Michael. / The Columbia Thyroid Eye Disease-Compressive Optic Neuropathy Diagnostic Formula. In: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2018 ; Vol. 34, No. 4S Suppl 1. pp. S68-S71.
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abstract = "PURPOSE: Diagnosing thyroid eye disease-compressive optic neuropathy (TED-CON) is challenging, particularly in cases lacking a relative afferent pupillary defect. Large case series of TED-CON patients and accessible diagnostic tools are lacking in the current literature. This study aims to create a mathematical formula that accurately predicts the presence or absence of CON based on the most salient clinical measures of optic neuropathy.METHODS: A retrospective case series compares 108 patients (216 orbits) with either unilateral or bilateral TED-CON and 41 age-matched patients (82 orbits) with noncompressive TED. Utilizing clinical variables assessing optic nerve function and/or risk of compressive disease, and with the aid of generalized linear regression modeling, the authors create a mathematical formula that weighs the relative contribution of each clinical variable in the overall prediction of CON.RESULTS: Data from 213 orbits in 110 patients derived the formula: y = -0.69 + 2.58 × (afferent pupillary defect) - 0.31 × (summed limitation of ductions) - 0.2 × (mean deviation on Humphrey visual field testing) - 0.02 × ({\%} color plates). This accurately predicted the presence of CON (y > 0) versus non-CON (y < 0) in 82{\%} of cases with 83{\%} sensitivity and 81{\%} specificity. When there was no relative afferent pupillary defect, which was the case in 63{\%} of CON orbits, the formula correctly predicted CON in 78{\%} of orbits with 73{\%} sensitivity and 83{\%} specificity.CONCLUSIONS: The authors developed a mathematical formula, the Columbia TED-CON Diagnostic Formula (CTD Formula), that can help guide clinicians in accurately diagnosing TED-CON, particularly in the presence of bilateral disease and when no relative afferent pupillary defect is present.",
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N2 - PURPOSE: Diagnosing thyroid eye disease-compressive optic neuropathy (TED-CON) is challenging, particularly in cases lacking a relative afferent pupillary defect. Large case series of TED-CON patients and accessible diagnostic tools are lacking in the current literature. This study aims to create a mathematical formula that accurately predicts the presence or absence of CON based on the most salient clinical measures of optic neuropathy.METHODS: A retrospective case series compares 108 patients (216 orbits) with either unilateral or bilateral TED-CON and 41 age-matched patients (82 orbits) with noncompressive TED. Utilizing clinical variables assessing optic nerve function and/or risk of compressive disease, and with the aid of generalized linear regression modeling, the authors create a mathematical formula that weighs the relative contribution of each clinical variable in the overall prediction of CON.RESULTS: Data from 213 orbits in 110 patients derived the formula: y = -0.69 + 2.58 × (afferent pupillary defect) - 0.31 × (summed limitation of ductions) - 0.2 × (mean deviation on Humphrey visual field testing) - 0.02 × (% color plates). This accurately predicted the presence of CON (y > 0) versus non-CON (y < 0) in 82% of cases with 83% sensitivity and 81% specificity. When there was no relative afferent pupillary defect, which was the case in 63% of CON orbits, the formula correctly predicted CON in 78% of orbits with 73% sensitivity and 83% specificity.CONCLUSIONS: The authors developed a mathematical formula, the Columbia TED-CON Diagnostic Formula (CTD Formula), that can help guide clinicians in accurately diagnosing TED-CON, particularly in the presence of bilateral disease and when no relative afferent pupillary defect is present.

AB - PURPOSE: Diagnosing thyroid eye disease-compressive optic neuropathy (TED-CON) is challenging, particularly in cases lacking a relative afferent pupillary defect. Large case series of TED-CON patients and accessible diagnostic tools are lacking in the current literature. This study aims to create a mathematical formula that accurately predicts the presence or absence of CON based on the most salient clinical measures of optic neuropathy.METHODS: A retrospective case series compares 108 patients (216 orbits) with either unilateral or bilateral TED-CON and 41 age-matched patients (82 orbits) with noncompressive TED. Utilizing clinical variables assessing optic nerve function and/or risk of compressive disease, and with the aid of generalized linear regression modeling, the authors create a mathematical formula that weighs the relative contribution of each clinical variable in the overall prediction of CON.RESULTS: Data from 213 orbits in 110 patients derived the formula: y = -0.69 + 2.58 × (afferent pupillary defect) - 0.31 × (summed limitation of ductions) - 0.2 × (mean deviation on Humphrey visual field testing) - 0.02 × (% color plates). This accurately predicted the presence of CON (y > 0) versus non-CON (y < 0) in 82% of cases with 83% sensitivity and 81% specificity. When there was no relative afferent pupillary defect, which was the case in 63% of CON orbits, the formula correctly predicted CON in 78% of orbits with 73% sensitivity and 83% specificity.CONCLUSIONS: The authors developed a mathematical formula, the Columbia TED-CON Diagnostic Formula (CTD Formula), that can help guide clinicians in accurately diagnosing TED-CON, particularly in the presence of bilateral disease and when no relative afferent pupillary defect is present.

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