The clustering of risk behaviors among Caribbean youth

Sally Ann Ohene, Marjorie Ireland, Robert W Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationships among risk behaviors for Caribbean youth; and to determine the correlations between initiation of sexual activity and other risk behaviors. Methods: The associations between cigarette smoking, alcohol and marijuana use, early initiation of sexual intercourse, involvement in violence and delinquency were examined using odds ratios on data from the Caribbean Youth Health Survey (n = 15,695). Survival analysis was then used to determine the association between initiation of sexual activity and the risk behaviors. Findings: There were statistically significant relationships between all pairs of risk behaviors for both male and female adolescents. Even though more males than females had engaged in each of the behaviors, the strengths of association were higher for females. From survival analysis, initiation of sexual activity was associated with gang involvement and weapon carrying among young adolescents and even more risk behaviors among the older adolescents. Conclusion: Health compromising behaviors cluster among Caribbean youth with associations being stronger for females. Initiating sexual activity was a predictor of other risk behaviors with the likelihood increasing among older adolescents and females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Cluster Analysis
Sexual Behavior
Survival Analysis
Weapons
Coitus
Cannabis
Health Surveys
Violence
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Alcohols
Health

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Caribbean
  • Risk behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

The clustering of risk behaviors among Caribbean youth. / Ohene, Sally Ann; Ireland, Marjorie; Blum, Robert W.

In: Maternal and Child Health Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1, 03.2005, p. 91-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ohene, Sally Ann ; Ireland, Marjorie ; Blum, Robert W. / The clustering of risk behaviors among Caribbean youth. In: Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 91-100.
@article{7a383c1e68c54c3985e6bb57ea2694d8,
title = "The clustering of risk behaviors among Caribbean youth",
abstract = "Objective: To examine the relationships among risk behaviors for Caribbean youth; and to determine the correlations between initiation of sexual activity and other risk behaviors. Methods: The associations between cigarette smoking, alcohol and marijuana use, early initiation of sexual intercourse, involvement in violence and delinquency were examined using odds ratios on data from the Caribbean Youth Health Survey (n = 15,695). Survival analysis was then used to determine the association between initiation of sexual activity and the risk behaviors. Findings: There were statistically significant relationships between all pairs of risk behaviors for both male and female adolescents. Even though more males than females had engaged in each of the behaviors, the strengths of association were higher for females. From survival analysis, initiation of sexual activity was associated with gang involvement and weapon carrying among young adolescents and even more risk behaviors among the older adolescents. Conclusion: Health compromising behaviors cluster among Caribbean youth with associations being stronger for females. Initiating sexual activity was a predictor of other risk behaviors with the likelihood increasing among older adolescents and females.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Caribbean, Risk behaviors",
author = "Ohene, {Sally Ann} and Marjorie Ireland and Blum, {Robert W}",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s10995-005-2452-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "91--100",
journal = "Maternal and Child Health Journal",
issn = "1092-7875",
publisher = "Springer GmbH & Co, Auslieferungs-Gesellschaf",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The clustering of risk behaviors among Caribbean youth

AU - Ohene, Sally Ann

AU - Ireland, Marjorie

AU - Blum, Robert W

PY - 2005/3

Y1 - 2005/3

N2 - Objective: To examine the relationships among risk behaviors for Caribbean youth; and to determine the correlations between initiation of sexual activity and other risk behaviors. Methods: The associations between cigarette smoking, alcohol and marijuana use, early initiation of sexual intercourse, involvement in violence and delinquency were examined using odds ratios on data from the Caribbean Youth Health Survey (n = 15,695). Survival analysis was then used to determine the association between initiation of sexual activity and the risk behaviors. Findings: There were statistically significant relationships between all pairs of risk behaviors for both male and female adolescents. Even though more males than females had engaged in each of the behaviors, the strengths of association were higher for females. From survival analysis, initiation of sexual activity was associated with gang involvement and weapon carrying among young adolescents and even more risk behaviors among the older adolescents. Conclusion: Health compromising behaviors cluster among Caribbean youth with associations being stronger for females. Initiating sexual activity was a predictor of other risk behaviors with the likelihood increasing among older adolescents and females.

AB - Objective: To examine the relationships among risk behaviors for Caribbean youth; and to determine the correlations between initiation of sexual activity and other risk behaviors. Methods: The associations between cigarette smoking, alcohol and marijuana use, early initiation of sexual intercourse, involvement in violence and delinquency were examined using odds ratios on data from the Caribbean Youth Health Survey (n = 15,695). Survival analysis was then used to determine the association between initiation of sexual activity and the risk behaviors. Findings: There were statistically significant relationships between all pairs of risk behaviors for both male and female adolescents. Even though more males than females had engaged in each of the behaviors, the strengths of association were higher for females. From survival analysis, initiation of sexual activity was associated with gang involvement and weapon carrying among young adolescents and even more risk behaviors among the older adolescents. Conclusion: Health compromising behaviors cluster among Caribbean youth with associations being stronger for females. Initiating sexual activity was a predictor of other risk behaviors with the likelihood increasing among older adolescents and females.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Caribbean

KW - Risk behaviors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21444431711&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21444431711&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10995-005-2452-6

DO - 10.1007/s10995-005-2452-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 15880978

AN - SCOPUS:21444431711

VL - 9

SP - 91

EP - 100

JO - Maternal and Child Health Journal

JF - Maternal and Child Health Journal

SN - 1092-7875

IS - 1

ER -